IRRIGATION ENGINEERING [PDF]
Autor: R. N. Reddy
Irrigation involves the artificial application of water to soil, usually for assisting the growth of crops in dry areas or where there is a shortage of rainfall. As the process of agriculture becomes increasingly mechanised, the application of scientific methods and technology to the procedure of irrigation comes as no surprise. With agricultural yields dwindling and demand for food increasing, the pressure on agriculture is immense and no stone is to be left unturned in meeting demands and expectations. Effective irrigation, enhanced pertinent technologies, thereby provides a most lucrative source for making agriculture profitable and worthwhile.
This text has been written as a manual guiding agricultural engineers on the principles and concepts which define irrigation engineering. Elaborating upon the tools, technologies and techniques which are essential to the field, the text takes a look at the types of irrigation, including surface, localised and sprinkler systems, and how they are changing agriculture itself by making it more scientific. In addition to it the challenges faced by irrigation systems including those of entrophication, water pollution, depletion of underground aquifers, etc., are also discussed. Current trends and development have been analysed as well as the future prospects and opportunities.
1. Importance of Irrigation Engineering
2. Estimation of Irrigation Demand
3. Irrigation Schemes and Methods
4. Modern Canal Operation Techniques
5. Design of On-demand Irrigation Systems
6. Mapping Water Networks
7. Drainage Pipes and Accessories
8. Drainage and Disposal Systems
9. Surface and Subsurface Drainage
10. Installation and Maintenance of Drainage Materials
11. Evaluation of Irrigation Project
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